Effect of covid-19 on the flu vaccine coverage in the staff of the Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada (Spain)
Introduction. The objectives were to know the influenza vaccination coverage among the staff of the Fuenlabrada University Hospital between 2006-2020 and its acceptance after Covid-19; and to analyze vaccination coverage by profession and year of vaccination, and to establish vaccination strategies to increase the adherence of hospital personnel.
Methods. A longitudinal descriptive study was carried out between 2006 and 2020 at the Fuenlabrada University Hospital, which had an average of 1,584 workers in the 11 years studied. Vaccine acceptance was measured through the data entered by the SPRL in the Sispal vaccination registry of the Community of Madrid. Study variables: Profession (Healthcare, Non-Healthcare) and number of vaccines administered.
Results. A total of 6,074 workers were vaccinated in the years from 2006-2020, with a general vaccination coverage rate of 24.56%. Total vaccination coverage was higher in 2020, the year after the Covid-19 Pandemic, where the vaccination rate was 68.15%) and in 2007 with the lowest vaccination record, with an Rate of 13.95%. By type of profession; non-healthcare personnel are vaccinated more (22.52%) than healthcare personnel (15.92%).
Conclusions.Vaccination coverage increases in the years in which specific epidemic waves appear, such as the one that occurred in 2020. The modification in the vaccination strategy, generating greater adherence of the professional, a specific education and facilitating the accessibility of schedules and going to Its units without the need for personnel displacement, has significantly helped increase the acceptance of vaccination.
2. Clark NM, Lynch JP, 3rd. Influenza: epidemiology, clinical features, therapy, and prevention. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2011; 32:373-92.
3. Elder AG, O'Donnell B, McCruden EAB, Symington IS, Carman WF. lncidence and recall of influenza in a cohort of Glasgow health care workers during the 1993-4 epidemic: results of serum testing and questionnaire. BMJ 1996; 313:1241-2.
4. Vaqué J, Campins M, Bruguera M. Vacunaciones en el personal sanitario. En: Salieras L, editor. Vacunaciones preventivas: principios y aplicaciones. Barcelona: Masson, 2003; p. 867- 76.
5. Mayo E; Hernández V; Sierra MJ; Pachón I; Carrasco P; Gil de Miguel Á; Jiménez García R. Rev.Esp Salud Publica 2004; 78.
6. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention and control of influenza. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on lmmunization Practices (ACIP). Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep 2001; 50(RR-4):8-9.
7. Vírseda S, Restrepo MA, Arranz E, Magán-Tapia P, Fernández-Ruiz M, de la Cámara AG, et al. Seasonal and Pandemic A (H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccination coverage and attitudes among health-care workers in a Spanish University Hospital. Vaccine 2010; 28:4751-7.
8. Wicker S, Rabenau HF, Doerr HW, Allwinn R. Influenza vaccination compliance among health care workers in a German university hospital. lnfection 2009; 37:197-202.
9. Norton SP, Scheifele DW, Bettinger JA, West RM. Influenza vaccination in paediatric nurses: Cross sectional study of coverage, refusal, and factors in acceptance. Vaccine 2008; 26:2942-8.
10. Fiore AE, Shay DK, Broder K, lskander JK, Uyeki TM, Mootrey G, et al. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on lmmunization Practices (ACIP), 2009. MMWR Recomm Rep 2009; 58(RR-8):1-52.
11. DHHS U. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2020. Flu Vaccination of Health Care Personnel.; 2012 [Último acceso 6 de julio de 2012); Disponible en: http:// www.healthypeople.gov/202O/topicsobjectives2020/ objectiveslist.aspx?topicld=23
12. Picazo JJ, González- Romo F, Salieras-Sanmartí L, Bayas JM, Álvarez-Pasquín MJ. Situación de lavacunación en adultos en España. Gripe y Neumococo. Vacunas. 2012.
13. Sanchez-Paya J, Hernandez-Garcia I, Garcia-Roman V, Camargo-Angeles R, Barrenengoa-Sanudo J, Villanueva-Ruiz CO, et al. Influenza vaccination among healthcare personnel after pandemic influenza H1Nl. Vaccine 2012; 30:911-5.
14. Hakim H, Gaur AH, McCuliers JA. Motivating factors for high rates of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers. Vaccine 2011; 29:5963-9.
15. Hopman CE, Riphagen-Dalhuisen J, Looijmans-van den Akker , Frijstein G, Van derGeest-Blankert ADJ, Danhof-Pont MB, et al. Determination of factors required to increase uptake of influenza vaccination among hospital-based healthcare workers. J Hosp lnfect 2011; 77:327-31.
16. Mclennan S, Wicker S. Reflections on the influenza vaccination of healthcare workers. Vaccine 2010; 28:8061-4.
17. Nichol KI Hauge M. Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers.; Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology , Volume 18 , Issue 3 , March 1997 , pp. 189 - 194